Frequently Asked Questions
Signs, Symptoms & Characteristic of ASD?
Some children who are on the spectrum start to show signs as young as a few months old. Others seems to have a noral developments for the first few months or years of thier lives then start show visible sign during 18-24 month period.
Children on the specturm have a hard time with social skills (most common sign) along with communication. Problem with communication can involve delyed speech and language skills, Echolia (repeating the same phrase over and over).
Someone with ASD might?
Not respond to his/her name by 12 months
Avoid eye contact
Have delayed and want to be alone
Repeat work or phrases over and over
Have obsessive interest
Have Self- Stimilation (flap hands, rock thier boides, spin in circles)
Have an unsual reaction to smells, taste, sounds, textures, look, or feel
Although, some people without ASD may have these symptoms it is not the same for those who are on the spectrum and can prove challenging in everyday tasks for those with ASD.
Why does my child engage in Unusal interest and behviors?
Individuals with ASD have exentric interest and behaviors.
Lines up toys or other objects
Plays with toys the same way every time
Is very organized
Gets upset with minor changes, hard time transitioning from preferred to non preferred activities
Has obsessive interest
Has to follow certain routines
Rocks body, flaps hands
Some one with ASD might have repetative motions they engage in repeadetly. This can be a body part, full body or objects. These types of repetative motions are known as self stimulation or "Stimming"
An individual with ASD might have a hard time if a change in the normal routine --- like stopping to get gas on the way from school. This can be hard to understand and upsetting due to it not being part of the normal routine. Some individuals can have "melt-downs," "loose control" or have tantrums if they are unaware of the changes or in a new enviornment they are not familiar with.
Who is Affected?
Accordring to the National Austism Association, Austism affects 1 in 59 children.
Boys are four times more liekly to have autsm that girls
Autism greatly varies between each individual (no tww people with autsm are alike)
Children with Autism do progress -- early intervention is key
Autism is treatable, not a hopeless condition
How does ABA Therapy Work?
What is ABA Therapy? "applied behavior analysis (ABA Therapy) is a recoginized method for reducing harmful (maladaptive) behvaiors and teaching a new skill. ABA therapy is reasearched-based, individulaized, and goal-oriented.
ABA therapy can imporove social, communication, and learning skills thorugh positive reinforcement. ABA involces several phases, allowing for an approve that is taylored to your child'sneeds.
We start with a consultantion and assessment
We will assign your case to a board certified BCBA (behavior analysist). This consultation we will ask about your child's strengths and abilities as well as things that challenge him/her.
He/She will spend time interacting with your child to make observations about his/her behavior.
If allowed, we may be visit your school or home to observe your childs behvaior during reagual scheduled activities.
A treatment plan looks diffrent for every child.
Your Behavior analysist will then develop a tailored plan based on the initial consultation . This plan will align with your child unique needs and include concrete goals.
Goals can generally be anything from problematic or harmful behaviors such as self-injury, tantrums, and increasing or improving commincations and other skills.
Plans will include strategies for all caregivers, teachers and therapist to use to achieve treatment goals. Keeping everyone on the same page to keep a consitenct through out all areas of a childs everyday life.
The specific type of ABA used may depend on your child’s age, areas of challenge, and other factors.
Early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) is often recommended for children younger than five. It involves an intensive, individualized curriculum designed to teach communication, social interaction, and functional and adaptive skills.
Discrete trial training aims to teach skills through structured task completion and rewards.
Pivotal response training lets your child take the lead in a learning activity, though the therapist often offers a few choices based on specific skills.
Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) involves play-based activities that incorporate several goals at once.
Verbal behavior interventions can help children become more verbal or increase their communication skills.
Our trained therapist do frequent evaluations to uncover causes of certain behaviors to help your child change or improve. Over the couse of ABA therapy, your child;s therapist may adapt thier approach based on how your child responds to certain interventions.
As long as you continue treatment, therapist will continue to collect data and monitor their progress and analyze which strategies are working and where you child may benefit from different treatmetn tactics.
The goal of treatment depends on your childs individual needs
At any rate, ABA often can result in children:
showing more intrest in people or activities around them
commincating with other people more effectively
learning to ask for things they want (food or toys)
increasing focus at school
reducing or stopping self harming behaviors
decreasing trantrums or outburst
What is ABA Therapy
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a scientific approach to understanding behavior.
ABA therapy helps with developing new skills, shape and refine previously leanred skills and help decrease social significatn beahviors.
In a nutshell
The basic basis of ABA therapy is to focus on positive results, without focusing why negative reactions occur. Rewarding appropriate behaviors or responses encourages appropriate responses. Although the child may be choosing the right answer or response to earn a reward, the repeated correct choice renifoces what is expected. At some point, ther right response will be automatically chosen, even after the reward is removed.
A primary goal with ABA therapy is to help improve commucantion skills, including, listening, lookign, eye contact and imitating appropriate beahviors and actions. In addition, more advanced skill sets desired with ABA treametn include: reading, understanding perspectives of others and the ability to have back and forth conversations with others.